Benzodiazepine (Sleeping Pills)
Benzodiazepines work by stimulating the gamma aminobutyric acid receptors within the brain.
GABA is the ‘gamma aminobutyric acid’ and is the principle ‘inhibitory’ neurotransmitter in the brain. What this means, is that neurons release GABA during certain communications (action potentials) and this then suppresses their activity.
In high enough quantities, gamma aminobutyric acid will have extremely sedative effects inflicting people to become unresponsive and sleepyheaded.
In the correct doses this can have a therapeutic effect helping those suffering with anxiety and other problems to relax and enjoy a sense of calm.
Benzodiazepines are normally used for short durations of about four weeks. In this time the patient might also receive cognitive behavioral therapy or other treatments to help them cope more effectively with stress and anxiety and to better fall asleep.